Reasons for Asthma
Shortness of breath and wheezing are symptoms patients with asthma, acute bronchitis, chronic bronchitis and emphysema have. From a Western medicine perspective it is an immune-system-related disorder of the respiratory system in which the breathing passages are inflamed, narrowed or blocked. Reasons for asthma can be extrinsic such as an allergic reaction to pollen, animals, dust, mold or food additives. Intrinsic asthma can be caused by emotional stress and is often occurring after a severe respiratory infection.
The reasons for an outbreak of asthma, bronchitis or emphysema from a Chinesemedicine perspective can be one or a combination of the following:
- Phlegm-dysfunction of the spleen producing phlegm stored in the lung
- External pathogens attacking the lung can create lung dysfunction and lead to phlegm production
- Diet with too much consumption of greasy and sweet food, alcohol and smoking
- Emotion - too much stress
- Deficiency in Lung, Spleen or Kidney
- Seasonal – mostly occurring in the fall season
Patients with asthma have a condition in which their body lacks defensive Qi. Defensive Qi is a type of energy produced by the kidney to protect the body from external factors similar to the immune-system. The condition of deficiency of defensive Qi develops when the kidneys or lung do not function properly leaving the body more vulnerable to diseases.
How Is Chinese Medicine Used to Treat Asthma?
Chinese Herbal Medicine for Asthma
Herbal medicine using a mix of Chinese herbs helps to strengthen the lungs and immune system. Herbal treatment is efficient in reducing the likelihood of a return of an asthma attack. Based on the body constitution, asthma condition and origin and specific needs of the patient the practitioner will prescribe an herbal formula.
Common herbs used in the treatment of asthma and bronchitis are:
- apricot seed (xing ren), lepidium (ting li zi), and pinelliae (ban xia), to eliminate phlegm and reduce wheezing
- mustard seed (bai jie zi), ginger (gan jiang), and asarum (xi xin), for restoring lung function and warming the lungs
- licorice (zhi gan cao), to improve the supply of qi, reduce coughing, and eliminate pain
- schizandra (wu wei zi), to prevent loss of qi from the lungs
- ephedrae (ma huang) and cinnamon twigs (gui zhi), for improving the flow of qi through the lungs and dispelling the cold factor
- lumbricus (di long), to dilate the bronchioles and relieve wheezing
- magnolia bark (hou po), for improving lung function